Madhya Pradesh Congress Committee

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Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act

Education is the backbone of India. Education is a fundamental right of every human being. It lays the foundation for the development of society. The Indian Parliament enacted the Right to Education Act in 2009, to provide free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of six to fourteen years. The Act notified that it is a legally enforceable duty of the Centre and the States to provide free and compulsory education. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act finally came into force on 1st April 2010. With the implementation of this Act, it is expected that issues of school drop out, out of school children, quality of education and availability of trained teachers will be addressed in the short to medium term plans. The title of the RTE Act incorporates the words ‘free and compulsory’. ‘Free education’ means that no child, other than a child who has been admitted by his or her parents to a school which is not supported by the appropriate Government, shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education. ‘Compulsory education’ casts an obligation on the appropriate Government and local authorities to provide and ensure admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by all children in the 6-14 age group.

1.Main features of the Act

  • Every child between the ages of six to fourteen years shall have the right to free and compulsory education in a neighborhood school, till completion of elementary education.
  • No child shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education.
  • Where a child above six years of age has not been admitted to any school or though admitted,could not complete his or her elementary education, then, he or she shall be admitted in a class appropriate to his or her age.
  • The appropriate government and local authority shall establish a school, if it is not established, within the given area in a period of three years from the commencement of this Act
  • The Central and the State Governments shall have concurrent responsibility for providing funds for carrying out the provisions of this Act.
  • It prohibits a physical punishment and mental harassment screening procedures for admission of children capitation fee private tuition by teachers and running of schools without recognition.

2. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan SSA is a government of India flag ship programme for achievement of Universalisation of Elementary.
  • No child shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education.

    3. Education UEE

  • The programme seeks to open new schools in those habitations which do not have schooling facilities and strengthen existing school infrastructure through provision of additional class rooms, toilets, drinking water, maintenance grant and school improvement grants. SSA has a special focus on girls education and children with special needs. SSA also seeks to provide computer education to bridge the digital divide.
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